4. Scientific Publications by Institution Categories

This chapter presents an account of the bibliometric indicators concerning Greek scientific publications at the level of institution category; that is the main institution sectors producing scientific publications. Greek institutions are classified into three major activity areas (education, research, health), distinguishing public from private entities, and taking into account classification criteria used in the Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research Experimental Development (OECD, 2002). The aim is to ensure the comparability across indicators from multiple sources that are presented in this study. 

The time series examined includes not only the most recent available 5-year period (2016-2020), but also an updated account of the indicators concerning the 5-year (2014-2018) period to allow for inter-temporal comparison (Table 3.1.1).



Greek Institutions were classified into 8 instead of 11 categories (as in the study’s previous edition). Specifically, the categories “MOD Hospitals”, “Banks”, “Museums” were no longer presented as separate categories (as in the study’s previous edition) and institutions of these categories were included in other categories –in terms of their status-.