4.1 Publications

The great majority of Greek scientific publications were published by the following three institution categories: “Universities”, “Public Hospitals”, and “Research Centers supervised by the General Secretariat for Research and Technology” (henceforth, “RC-GSRT”) . These are followed (ranked by number of publications) by “Other Public Research Institutions”, “Private Health Institutions”, “Enterprises”, “Private non-for Profit Institutions”, “Other Education Institutions”, and “Other Public Institutions” (Figure 4.1.1).

For the year 2020, Universities (merged with the former Technological and Educational Institutes-TEIs) published 15,814 publications. ‘‘Public Hospitals’’ ranked second with 2,567 publications, following a fourteen-year period of sustained increase. “RC-GSRT” were third with  2,481 publications significantly increasing since 2017.


Figure 3.1.1


Viewed in comparison with base year (2006=100), almost all institution categories have been recording increase, since 2016 (Figure 4.1.2). 

Figure 3.1.2



Figure 4.1.3 presents the share of the total number of Greek publications per institution category for the latest five year period, 2016-2020. “Universities” ranked first with a share of 85.0%. They were followed by “RC-GSRT’’ (14.1%), and “Public Health Institutions” (12.8%). The remaining institution categories have shares lower than 5%.  


Figure 3.1.3




As demonstrated in the Methodology (Annex Ι), each institution category received a whole count of the publication (whole counting) for publications produced as a result of collaboration between institutions in different institution categories. The (%) share of publications by institution category was calculated as a proportion of the total number of Greek publications (Figure 3.1.3) and indicated the degree of “participation” of each category to Greece’s total publication output. Hence, in the case of Universities, a share of 82.5% would mean that Universities participated in 82.5% of the total number of Greek publications.